TITLE: Stretching and Its Effect on Recovery: A Review
PUBLICATION: Strength and Conditioning Journal
AUTHORS: Sands, William A. PhD, CSCS; McNeal, Jeni R. PhD, CSCS*D; Murray, Steven R. DA; Ramsey, Michael W. PhD; Sato, Kimitake PhD; Mizuguchi, Satoshi PhD; Stone, Michael H. PhD, FNSCA
Flexibility: The ROM of a joint or a related series of joints, such as the spine
Recovery: Recovery in sports is a 2-stage process: returning what was lost (i.e., reducing fatigue) and adapting or super-compensating to training demands. It should not be considered complete or effective unless the athlete reaches a higher state of fitness after recovery. The ultimate test of recovery-adaptation lies in the transfer of newly acquired fitness and/or skill to actual sport performance. Some specific recovery goals are to increase blood flow and circulation and reduce edema locally and systemically.
Stretching: The application of force to musculotendinous structures in order to achieve a change in their length, usually for the purposes of improving joint range of motion (ROM), reducing stiffness or soreness, or preparing for (physical) activity”. Different types of stretching can have different purposes: training preparation, training recovery, and joint ROM enhancement. It can be categorized as active or passive, static or dynamic, and acute or chronic.