A contracture is a severe medical condition that negatively impacts quality of life through diminished joint function. The etiology of contractures, however, is not well understood. Contractures could be caused by burns, fractures, muscle atrophy, rheumatoid arthritis, joint capsulitis, stroke, cerebral palsy, brain or spinal cord injuries, surgery, ankylosing spondylitis, and more. The traditional treatment for contracture has been a passive stretching intervention, sometimes splinting for hours, days, or weeks at a time. This paper sets out to review the effects of stretching on joint contracture in the short term (i.e. effects within one week of last stretching session).