What’s This Research About?

Previous research suggests that implementing the Nordic hamstring exercise in athletes’ training regimens reduces the rate of hamstring injuries. This literature review aims to determine the generalizability of using the Nordic hamstring exercise for injury prevention by assessing the quality of the current research.

About The Author


Jenn Pilotti

TITLE: Including the Nordic hamstring exercise in injury prevention programmes halves the rate of hamstring injuries: a systematic review and meta-analysis of 8459 athletes


PUBLICATION: British Journal of Sports Medicine

DATE: 2019

AUTHORS: Nicol van Dyk, Fearghal P Behan, Rod Whiteley

Hamstrings: Refers to a group of three muscles located behind the femur: the biceps femoris, semitendinosus, and semimembranosus

Hamstring attachment points: The ischial tuberosity on the pelvis, the lateral lip of the femur, the lateral aspect of the fibula, and the medial portion of the tibia

Concentric contraction of hamstrings: Applying force to strengthen the hamstrings as they shorten hip extension and knee flexion

Eccentric contraction of hamstrings: Applying force to strengthen the hamstrings as they lengthen

Hamstring injuries are the most common muscle injuries across a range of different sports.

Nordic hamstring exercise: An exercise that strengthens the hamstrings as the knees extend. It’s performed by beginning in a tall kneeling position with the ankles hooked under something secure. Maintaining a straight line from the head to the knees, lean forward at the knees. When you can no longer lean forward, let yourself fall softly towards the floor, catching yourself with your hands. Come back up into a tall kneeling position and repeat.

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