TITLE: Effect of restorative yoga vs. stretching on diurnal cortisol dynamics and psychosocial outcomes in individuals with the metabolic syndrome: the PRYSMS randomized controlled trial
DATE: November 2014
AUTHORS : Sarah M. Corey PhD, Elissa Epel PhD, Michael Schembri BS, Sarah B. Pawlowsky DPT, Roger J. Cole PhD, Maria Rosario G. Araneta PhD, Elizabeth Barrett-Connor MD, and Alka M. Kanaya MD
Autonomic nervous system (ANS): The branch of the nervous system not under conscious control, including breathing, heart rate, and digestion.
Cardiac vagal tone: The activity of the vagus nerve, a key component of the parasympathetic branch of the autonomic nervous system, and its influence on heart rate.
Cortisol: aka hydrocortisone. A glucocorticoid produced by the adrenal glands that is involved in metabolic processes, immune functions, and suppressing the inflammatory response. It becomes elevated in the blood during physical or psychological stress.
Dexamethasone: a synthetic corticosteroid, used as an anti-inflammatory.
Hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal-axis: The interaction of the hypothalamus gland, pituitary gland, and adrenal gland, and their influence on stress, digestion, the immune system, mood and emotions, and energy storage and expenditure.
Metabolic syndrome: Clustering of metabolic changes including abdominal obesity, high triglycerides, low HDL-cholesterol, high blood pressure, and high blood sugar.
Psychosocial: related to social factors and individual thoughts and behaviors.