Should Yoga Teachers Learn About Pain Science?

What’s This Research About?

Lorimer Moseley and David Butler are renowned researchers and clinicians who have been working with pain science and treatment for more than two decades. They pay homage to the groundbreaking biopsychosocial model that serves as the backbone of modern pain science. This model recognizes that pain is multi-faceted with biological, social, and psychological influences and therefore needs to be managed with multiple modalities.

Explain Pain (EP) and Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) arose from this model but the authors note that CBT focuses mainly on cognition and beliefs, with reasoning that implies that pain is inevitable. The authors note there is some benefit to using CBT, but its efficacy can be dependent on the practitioner’s pain knowledge. The research also shows it’s not the most effective treatment protocol for long term pain relief.  

TITLE: Fifteen Years of Explaining Pain: The Past, Present, and Future

ORIGINAL LINK

PUBLICATION: The Journal of Pain

DATE: 2015

AUTHORS : Lorimer Moseley, David Butler

Biopsychosocial Model: This model recognizes that pain is multi-faceted with biological, social, and psychological influences and therefore needs to be managed with multiple modalities.

Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT): An intervention that focuses more on modifying thoughts, behaviors, and beliefs in order to manage the input of pain. It focuses more on managing pain rather than decreasing the pain itself.

Explaining Pain (EP): An intervention that focuses on pain education, reconceptualizing pain knowledge and combining it with other modes of rehabilitation as a means of pain treatment. Foremost EP teaches that pain is a marker of perceived need to protect body tissue, and not a marker of actual tissue damage.

Nociception: The sensory process of assessing threat and alerting the brain about potential damage. Nociceptors are sensory neurons that alert us to potential damage. They detect extremes in temperature and pressure and injury-related chemicals, and relay that information to the brain. The brain then evaluates those signals and “decides” whether or not to emit a pain signal.

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By | 2018-05-14T17:49:45+00:00 May 15th, 2018|Pain|0 Comments

About the Author:

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Catherine brings to her role as a personal trainer a wealth of education and years of athletic experience with training in track and cross country running, gymnastics and rowing, boxing and yoga. She received a B.A. in Sports Medicine and Exercise Physiology from the University of San Francisco and an M.A. in Kinesiology at San Francisco State University. She also holds certifications in ACE, FMS I and II, PRI (Myokinematics, Respiration), Neuromuscular therapy, FRCms, and FR. As an athlete she sustained several injuries, which led her on the path to study and understand the body and the mechanisms of healing. "I was fascinated with everything I learned. Throughout college, I worked with USF athletes as an athletic trainer in the prevention and rehabilitation of injuries. Soon I was able to transfer all of this knowledge into helping everyday people with their aches and pains." Her thirst for knowledge is never quenched and she continues to evolve her practice to stay up to date on the latest research and methods to help her clients with present injuries, pain, and best ways to acquire strength to maintain a healthy body. "I believe assessment is still key in starting with clients but stability, global strength and everyday movement are key to people's longevity, and quality of life. If people can slowly and systematically expose their bodies to different loads to gain strength and mobility they will better succeed to get the most out of their bodies." Learn more about Catherine Cowey.