This study examines differences in brain activity between novice and expert meditators using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI).
Their goals were to determine:
1) If meditation causes an increase or decrease in brain activity in regions associated with attention.
2) If experienced meditators have greater attentional control over distractions by showing less activation in brain regions associated with mind wandering and emotional processing.
3) If the number of hours spent practicing meditation could be related to brain function.