What Are the Effects of Slow Breathing in Healthy People?

What’s This Research About?

The goal of this research review is to define slow breathing, summarize the documented effects of slow breathing in healthy humans, and form a knowledge base of the physiological effects of slow breathing and proposed mechanisms of slow breathing for the discussion of clinical applications.

About The Author


Jenn Pilotti

TITLE: The physiological effects of slow breathing in the healthy human



DATE: 2017

AUTHORS : Marc A. Russo, Danielle M. Santarelli, Dean O’Rourke

Baroreflex: AKA baroreceptor reflex. A negative feedback mechanism involving stretch receptors and present primarily in the carotid sinus and aortic arch. Monitors arterial blood pressure and responds to acute changes via central-neural-autonomic pathways.

Cardiorespiratory coupling: relationships between heart rate, blood pressure, and respiration

Heart rate variability: A physiological occurrence referring to the fluctuation of R-R intervals

Minute ventilation: respiratory rate multiplied by tidal volume

Pranayama: Yogic breath control. Types of pranayama include double, single, or alternate nostril breathing, abdominal breathing, forceful breathing and vocalized/chanting breathing.

R-R interval: The time between heart beats

Slow breathing: 4-10 breaths per minute

Tidal breathing: Normal respiration with a relatively constant rate and inspiratory/expiratory volumes

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By |2018-12-21T17:59:28-04:00December 19th, 2018|Breathing|2 Comments

About the Author:

Jenn Pilotti has a BS in exercise physiology from UC Davis. After graduating in 2002, she was hired by the Beach and Tennis Club at Pebble Beach as a full time personal trainer. While there, she had the privilege of working with individuals of all ages, many of whom had aches and pains from a life well led. This piqued her interest in injuries, prevention, and pain. After years of undirected self study (and after leaving the security of a full time position to go out on her own), she enrolled in an online program through AT Still University, eventually acquiring a master's in human movement while working full time. After graduating, she continued to read research and write about its application to her work with clients. She fell in love with yoga in 2004, finally became 200 hour RYT in 2014 after years of workshops and self study (there seems to a theme), and continues to study somatic disciplines. She is DNS exercise trainer certified, FRCms, MovNat level I certified, GMB trainer certified, has taken PRI respiration, myokinematics, impingement and instability, and pelvis restoration, and has read an embarrassing number of books on movement, psychology, and wellness. She has an insatiable curiosity about what makes for a healthy person, physically and mentally, and she finds herself often asking why things work for some and not for others. She strongly believes in the power of knowledge and the power of movement. Learn more about Jenn Pilotti.

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