Ever wondered why yoga and meditation make you feel calm and relaxed? It may be due to your breath and an important nerve called the vagus nerve.
Many scientific studies have described the numerous benefits felt from practicing yoga and meditation such as increased physical health, mental health and cognition. Typically, these positive effects include a decrease in heart rate, blood pressure and inflammation, along with improved balance, and strength. There are also decreases in symptoms of depression, anxiety disorders and post-traumatic stress disorder. It is thought that meditation can act as a buffer against age-related decline by enhancing working memory and decision making. Yet, the underlying mechanism of how the breath affects physical and mental health remains elusive and not well understood.
The authors reviewed many articles, and then proposed a model that explains how the breath affects the brain and the body. They argue that this ‘neurophysiological model the breath’ relies on communication by the vagus nerve, a nerve that connects the heart, lungs and digestive tract with the brain by way of the parasympathetic nervous system. When the parasympathetic nervous system is activated by slow, rhythmic breathing, the vagus nerve sends signals to the brain to relax and restore.